IdleNoMore Wisconsin

#IdleNoMore Wisconsin Sovereign Nations! for Mashkiziibii (Medicine Water) PROTECT & SERVE MOTHER EARTH - CLEAN LAND+AIR+WATER = LIFE ... STOP THE MINES ...
Mission
MISSION The, "Idle No More calls on all people to join in a revolution which honors and fulfills Indigenous sovereignty which protects the land and water." The movement wants to "stop the government from passing more laws and legislation that will further erode treaty and indigenous rights and the rights of all Indigenous people globally." - We are in Solidarity with Canada, Minnesota, Michigan and Wisconsin to Idle No More, Protect our Lands and Water.

~ Disclaimer ~
WE ARE NOT AN ORGANIZATION ... WE ARE GRASSROOTS TRIBAL INDIVIDUALS WORKING TOGETHER TO INITIATE #IDLENOMORE WISCONSIN IN SOLIDARITY WITH CANADA, INDIGENOUS PEOPLE AND COMMUNITIES.


#IDLE NO MORE WISCONSIN - A Peaceful Movement of Integrity and Honor with a concrete focus to protect our lands, water and the trust and agreement inclusions of sovereignty rights for a quality of life for our future generations. - "It's been said that "The only thing we learn from history is that we learn nothing from history" and the current mining bills before the Wisconsin state legislature would perpetuate a long, tragic, and shameful history of U.S. treaty violations with Indigenous Peoples. -- The 7th Generation has begun."

#IDLE NO MORE WISCONSIN - Grateful for the support and dedication of the Overpass Light Brigade illuminating #IdleNoMore with beautiful messages bringing the community together as ONE FIRE.

Sisters and Brothers leading Idle No More Wisconsin is:
* Rachel Byington, Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma
* Arvina Marin, Ho Chunk Nation Diana Miller, Menominee Nation
* Sarah LittlerRedfeather, decent of the Anishinaabe, MN Chippewa Band - White Earth
* Sanford LittleEagle, Ho Chunk Nation
* Chuck Davis, Sr.
* We are in FULL Solidarity and active with IdleNoMore Milwaukee.

* One Tribe One Nation One Fire Honoring Chief Theresa Spence, and the women who started the IdleNoMore Movement.

* VAWA Indigenous Women Issues Our congress refuses to sign the VAWA Law that has the protections and rights to prosecute non-natives who abuse our Women on Tribal Lands and more, this is important. Global awareness, to Stop the Violence Against Women, Sexual Assault, lack of support for justice departments from leaders of disappearing indigenous women, and children murdered and / or sold into human trafficking.

* NO MINE IN THE PENOKEE HILLS Bad River is under attack under Mining Special Interests in Legislature, the Treaties that Protects and Preserves our Cultural Environment, Lands and the Water, honor them.

* Stop the ma'iingan (Wolf) Hunt - Wolf Hunt Desecrates Anishinaabe Creation

* Colonialism changing to Cultural Awareness and Pride - Educate and collaborate to end stereotyping, and racism in our communities; creating a support system to create confidence and positive living in our communities.
Recent Tweets @WeLiveNative
Posts I Like
Who I Follow

See on Scoop.it - IDLE NO MORE WISCONSIN

It is depressingly numbing every time another name of a missing and murdered Onkwehon:we woman is spotlighted in the media. But as the number of Murdered a

See on tworowtimes.com

See on Scoop.it - IDLE NO MORE WISCONSIN

Duluth, MN - Laura Gauger, originally a farm girl from Wisconsin, has been saddled with a big bill from a multinational mining corporation. Gauger, now of Duluth, Minnesota, is a citizen plaintiff in a Clean Water Act lawsuit against Rio Tinto of London.

See on fightbacknews.org

Keri Pickett presents Winona LaDuke Honor the Earth #Enbridge press conference. Love #Water NOT #OIL #IdleNoMore

Published on Sep 5, 2014

Winona LaDuke, Executive Director of the Native American environmental group Honor the Earth, holds a press conference at the Enbridge office in Bemidji, Minnesota following the ‘Love Water Not Oil Tour”, which was set to raise awareness of the proposed ‘Sandpiper’ pipeline, which would jeopardize the pristine lakes area, which house the mother load of wild rice, a food considered sacred to the Native American people. Spiritual advisor Michael Dahl joins her horse ride to protect mother earth as they ride in a direction flowing against the current of the oil. The press conference ended ten days of partnerships between community groups and lake associations as Winona and the other riders crossed the 200 miles of proposed pipeline. Oil industry expert Shane Davis also joins the tour. His organization, Fractivist, stands in opposition to the Fracking industry in Colorado, which currently has 53,000 active tracking sites. #lovewaternotoil Filmed on August 28th, 2014 by Keri Pickett with GoPro camera by attorney Frank Bibeau.

Cycle to the Sacred

Beyond Boarding’s Summer 2014 project - a 2,000 km bike marathon from Fort Langley to the Sacred Headwaters of BC, of which you can pledge to to generate financial support and awareness for The Klabona Keepers, who are protecting the Sacred Headwaters of British Columbia from harmful mining development.

The Klabona Keepers is an organization of Tahltan elders and families who occupy and use traditional lands near Iskut, British Columbia known as Tl’abāne, the Sacred Headwaters of the Stikine, Nass and Skeena Rivers. They have been working tirelessly for over a decade to protect one of the world’s most vital ecosystems. They have continued their ancestors responsibility in protecting the Sacred Headwaters, a place that we all benefit from. In order to continue this resistance, donations are being accepted and this fundraising campaign is being launched to support those standing on the front lines.

DONATE DIRECTLY AT: indiegogo.com/projects/cycle-to-the-sacred—2

Music Credit - Ora Cogan “You’re Not Free”

Gov. Walker signs a letter to President Barack Obama related to obvious reasons of dirty oil being that “Walker” defined “Enbridge Tar Sands,” and “Frac Sand Mining,” expansion is Wisconsin’s blueprint to prosperity quoting in the letter Walker signed, ” EPA’s proposed rule for reducing carbon emissions, pursuant to Section 111(d) of the Clean Air Act (CAA or Act), fails to strike this necessary balance.” - So oh #FracNo ! No #Tarsands in Wisconsin ! 

Gov. Walker signed the Governor’s Letter to EPA by Sarah LittleRedfeather Kalmanson

http://www.scribd.com/doc/239455311/Gov-Walker-signed-the-Governor-s-Letter-to-EPA

All new from THE WAYS — Anishinaabe Sacred ‪#‎Manoomin‬ — enjoy ! 

his story follows Fred Ackley Jr. from the Sokaogon Chippewa Community of Mole Lake as he harvests and processes manoomin, or wild rice. The ancestors of his community migrated to Madeleine Island from eastern Canada long ago, then more recently to the Rice Lake area. Their 12 square mile reservation was established during the Treaty of 1854, and the tribe finally received federal recognition and their Mole Lake reservation in 1937. In this excerpt from an interview, Fred explains the importance of ricing:

My name is Fred Ackley. I’m from the Mole Lake Reservation in Wisconsin. The name of my tribe is the Sokaogon Chippewa Band. My Anishinaabe name is Makoonse, which means cub bear. I’m what they call a “ricer” from Mole Lake. Oh, since time memorial, the tribe had been…way back in the 1700s they migrated down in our area and Mole Lake and to get away from Madeline Island to look for more food for our people and more areas. There was a lot of rice on the lakes in our area, so the runners went back to Madeline Island, told the people up there…our band followed the trails down there to Mole Lake area, and that’s where we’ve been for the rice. Myself, the first time I was ricing in my life was in ‘58 with my Uncle Ray. I wasn’t strong enough to really pull around it, in the boat, but I tried anyways, and he taught me how to do stuff. He taught me how to do ricing with sticks, and I did that the first year and got 5 or 10 pounds learning how to do it, but to me that was a lot. I was young, but that’s how I learned growing up, listening to people talk about it in the household everyday and during winter, stories, and why we do things, the rice, you know. For quite awhile I was taught…handed down from my father and mother how to make it up, roast it, dance it, those things like that we had to do.

Our relationship to everything in nature, if you live in nature, you have a feeling for everything out there. The trees, the water, the marsh, lakes, those things all have what they call spirits, to me, all the things on the earth. To use everything you need, you have to look at it as a spiritual harvesting tool. You’re not only taking the plant or something on earth, you’re taking part of the spirit with it and those are important parts to remember when we’re harvesting, that’s how we have things come back to us all the time by respecting it, and respecting the spirits behind it, not so much is worshipping the spirit you know, but being side by side with the trees, or the plants, or the animals their spirits, and we’re all worshipping the great spirit. They give us all life here, so we respect the other plants, or the fish, or the deer, rice, in a spiritual way, because we believe also what you consume they’re giving their spirit too in our bodies to help us along, because there’s a real strong spiritual tie between everything on the land and the people here. When they (human beings) have a tendency of separating themselves from the earth, they think we’re separate, but we’re really part of the earth. You can just walk on it. You have that luxury. When our time comes to leave this earth, we go back, our spirits go on, and our body goes back to the earth. So you’re never apart from mother earth. That’s how I feel about it. Everything on earth, you’re equal to, and we’re all under the power of the spirit, the Great Spirit.

One thing about the resources I had to learn was, only take enough of what you need for your own need, your own use. If you take anymore, if you’re lucky and get more than what you need, you’re suppose to give that to other people. Share throughout the year. That way, you respect everything and always the thought of only take what you need. When you do that, then you’re respecting everything on earth. Your life is a lot better that way, I believe, by doing that.

There were songs that they sang for dancing [rice], giving thanks to the creator, pow wow, our dances. How could I translate it? They’re hymns. Say somebody is out there fanning their rice, waving it in the wind, cleaning it out. They sing their little song. You bring in the wind; you bring in the motions of everything, the heat, sun, all that, you sing about that. When you dance it, you’re asking the plant to give up its fruit, so you dance on it gentle. Good dancers, traditional Indian dancers, they don’t stomp their feet on the ground. They’re real light when they dance. Just like we dance rice, because we don’t want to break the kernels. You got to get the husk off without breaking the kernels, so you got to dance real light. You got to be related, thinking in your mind and your body and that’s when we sing that song. Those things, when you think about it, you’re asking that plant for help all the way through and that’s what those songs are. They’re hymns to the plant and to the great spirit to know that we’re giving thanks for everything, the nourishment and everything they’re doing for us and that’s why we’re asking that plant or the animal, whatever you take, to give up their life, and we respect that.

Me, I learned from my grandmother. I wish I would have learned and listened more when I was younger, but the basic things I know are there, they’re still there. I can still go out in the field, or out in the woods with my tobacco asking in the right way what I want to do with it, I’ll get my reward. If I don’t do that then I’m just…I’m lost as a human being. I’m what you call a spiritless person on earth just going day by day and I’m lost, and I’m weak health wise every generation, and before you know it, you’re eliminated, so if you don’t have this diet, you know…I think that’s what the people tried with this…to the fellow Indian people. “Oh, you can’t do this no more and you can’t hunt deer no more and you can’t hunt the buffalo no more. You can’t go get this no more or fish you can’t go netting you can’t go this and that.” They knew by taking that food from us that was killing us, and now we’ve got it back, where our people can go back out there.

STORY CREDITS

http://theways.org/story/manoomin!

You are all invited to this free event! Sept. 16th WISCONSIN’S MINING STANDOFF” TO SHOW AT UW-SUPERIOR

On Tuesday, September 16, at 7p, UW-Superior will hold a free film screening of “WISCONSIN’S MINING STANDOFF”, a new documentary about the controversial proposal to dig an open-pit iron mine in northern Wisconsin. The 25-minute film will be followed by a discussion featuring GLIFWC Attorney Philomena Kebec, Northland College Geologist Tom Fitz, and Ashland County Board Chair Pete Russo. The event will be held in UW-Superior’s Holden Fine Arts Center at the Manion Theater.

A proposal to dig what could be one of North America’s largest open pit iron mines in northern Wisconsin pits corporate interests against a coalition of tribes and local residents.

On March 11, 2013, Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker signed legislation that rewrote the state’s iron mining laws, paving the way for Gogebic Taconite (GTAC) to dig a $1.5 billion open-pit mine in the pristine woods of the Penokee mountain range. The mine, which could eventually reach 22-miles in length, provoked an immediate standoff. On one side is GTAC and its supporters anxious for jobs in an area with unemployment double the national average. On the other stand the tribes, residents, and political leaders intent on preserving the land and protecting the water from contamination. Fault Lines follows the unfolding battle on the ground and traces the way money and power have influenced the laws that will determine whether and how this mine gets built.

http://371productions.com/what-we-make/documentaries/mining

PRESS

The Joy Cardin Show, WPRMining Documentary Touring Wisconsin, July 29, 2014

WXPR Public RadioInvestigative Film on Penokee Mine Comes to Northern Wisconsin, July 24, 2014

Center for Media and Democracy’s PR WatchNew Film on Controversial Wisconsin Mine to Tour State, July 22, 2014

The Capitol TimesFilm on Gogebic Taconite mine to air on Al Jazeera America, June 13, 2014

89.7 WUWM Milwaukee Public RadioDocumentary Explores Volatile Issues Around Proposed Iron Mine in Northern Wisconsin, June 13, 2014

Express MilwaukeeNorthern Wisconsin Iron Mine Documentary Will Air Saturday, June 13, 2014

Milwaukee Journal Sentinel TAPBattle over Wisconsin mining focus of Al Jazeera documentary, June 13, 2014

Milwaukee RecordInvestigative piece on Wisconsin iron mine to air on Al Jazeera America, June 12, 2013

Great Lakes EchoTelevision show examines Wisconsin mine proposal, June 10, 2014

WXPR Public RadioAl Jazeera America To Air Film on Penokee Mine, June 8, 2014

IdleNoMore Wisconsin + Anishinaabee Environmental Protection AlliancePeace Action Wisconsin + I Stand with the Bad River Tribe + We Live Native Collection + Penokee Support Committee - Milwaukee host an all out community engagement action at Indian Summer Festival ! 

Chi Miigwetch for all the community volunteers who worked so hard to obtain petition signatures to engage the #EPA to conduct an EIS on the #EnbridgePipeline, and engage in the Water Protection Act related to the Bad River Watershed protections preventing the catastrophic proposed open pit mine in the Northwoods. The interactive floor map was a big hit ! Tabling at Indian Summer Festival who has over 50,000 visitors was a great opportunity that our groups of advocates could not miss out on. The Tent was consistently flowing with all walks of the communities engaging in conversations, and asking questions - many new faces, and walks who left the tent with the No Penokee Mine mentality, now after seeing the map, and talking with Joe Bates, and volunteers. Keep on pressing ! There will be NO MINE.

We Live Native Collection (also who is 
IdleNoMore Wisconsin-  launched the new designs that relates to #WaterIslIfe #IdleNoMore#NotYourMascot #FracNo #WarriorUp that covers these issues - Expression Apparel designs to engage into conversations, and action while looking fabulously cool ! 
https://www.flickr.com/photos/126370647@N08/sets/72157646996297059/
During the Weekend … Natives Rocked out their New “NotYourMascot shirts as well ! 
JAY - STOCKBRIDGE MUNSEE MOHICAN TRIBE
BARB -  LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA BAND OF LAC DU FLAMBEAU
MICHELLE - LAKE SUPERIOR CHIPPEWA BAND OF RED CLIFF
#WATERISLIFE

thelastamericanindian:

A brand new performance piece called REDSKIN is launching as part of a big art installation during the annual Washington DC event Art All Night: Nuit Blanche. This piece is about performing and enduring the many different negative ways Indigenous people are treated, something I will do for 8 long hours! This is timely given the mascot issue in Washington DC, hence the name. 

But I need your help! I am trying to raise funds to cover the entire event which includes supplies, and equipment to bring the building to a place where it’s usable. Please consider donating to this important piece. Check out the Indiegogo page, video and all the info therein with the link below. The Huffington Post also did a nice write up, so check that out to and please help me make this happen! Please share the hell out of this! 

Indiegogo funding pagehttps://www.indiegogo.com/projects/redskin-indigenous-art-and-identity/x/822706

Huffington Post Articlehttp://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/08/28/gregg-deal-redskin_n_5711845.html

We will no longer accept constant humiliation in stereotyping our culture into mascots - Silence is Broken ! The dialogue for Change is Urgent. 

This is a MUST SEE ! ESPN SPECIAL Historical Reflection - ESPN SPECIAL Historical Reflection - We are a “people with a past but not a people of the past” - Defiance into never ending sound of protest deemed today is getting louder where the urgent dialogue is creating a movement of change. 

"An essay reflects on the historical backdrop of the Nation’s Capital for the debate over its professional football team’s name." - the opening was filmed at the Chicago Native American Cultural Center, and performed by authentic tribal members where it was tribal members of the Navajo nation, women, who took Snyder, and US Patent to Court and won not "liberals" - the conversation that has been loud and clear since the 60’s where natives have been silenced for too long creating division … BUT NOT ANYMORE ! Please join and subscribe to EONMassoc We are #IdleNoMore ! 

Was @Redskins first coach a fraud? YUP! German Decent #REALTALK #NotYourMascot → the 70% Poll of Native Americans say to keep the name is a fraud - As of Aug. 2014 4,183 “Tribal Members” independently signed 

I am a Native Person against the Redsk*ns

http://nativeappropriations.com/nativesagainstredskins

Who has spoken out against the Redsk*ns? - http://nativeappropriations.com/2014/06/who-has-spoken-out-against-the-redskns.html

Yes, We are Offended by Your Team’s Name. No, We Will Not be Ignored!
http://bit.ly/1mtrXZN
#changethename #changethemascot #changeISgood 

Change the Mascot urges Snyder and others affiliated with the team to take a look at what Native Americans are saying about the issue. Below is a list of the major tribal organizations, leaders and members who oppose the name, as well as a list of the letters and resolutions passed by Native American tribes and organizations opposing the R-word mascot. 

See: Native Americans Unite to Speak Out Against Racially Offensive Mascot Name

Associated Press

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Dan Snyder’s Broadcast License Challenged Over Redskins; Faces FCC Filing

9/3/14

WASHINGTON, D.C. (September 2, 2014): A formal legal opposition has been filed with the Federal Communications Commission [FCC] opposing the renewal of the broadcast license of station WWXX-FM, serving the greater D.C. metro area from Buckland, Virginia, and owned through Red Zebra Broadcasting by Dan Snyder, who is also the owner of D.C.’s NFL football team, the Washington “Redskins.”

The document charges that repeatedly and unnecessarily broadcasting a word which has been held in many proceedings, and by many individuals and organizations, to be a derogatory racial slur is contrary to federal broadcast law which requires stations to be operated in the public interest.

RELATED: NCAI, Former FCC Commissioners Call on FedEx to Cut Ties With ‘Redskins’

The opposition is based in part on a document prepared by a former chairman of the FCC, two former FCC commissioners, and almost a dozen other broadcasting law experts who all reported that the word “Redskins” was an “unequivocal racial slur,” and that the unnecessary and repeated on-air use of that derogatory racist word is contrary to current federal law, and akin to broadcasting obscenity.

It also argues that the word constitutes a “profanity” - defined by the FCC to include “language so grossly offensive to members of the public who actually hear it as to amount to a nuisance.”

RELATED: Federal Judge Bans Use of Redskins in Court Documents

The document cites several dictionary definitions which say that “a synonym for ‘profanity’ is ‘swearing,’ and few would hesitate to conclude that using words like ‘N*gg*ers,’ ‘K*kes,’ ‘W*tb*cks,’ ‘C*nts,’ ‘F*gs,’ or ‘R*dskins’ would constitute swearing.” Profanity cannot be broadcast during most of the day to avoid having an adverse impact on children - in this situation, especially Indian children.

The document cites dozens of studies showing that racially derogatory words, especially those related to Indians, cause real physical harm, including beatings, bullying, ostracism, etc.  It therefore suggests that “Redskins” - the most derogatory word for Indians, and known as the R-word because it represents to Indians what the N-word represents to African Americans - also constitutes “hate speech.”

After an article inBroadcasting & Cable, revealing that public interest law professor John Banzhaf was considering opposing the renewal of a broadcast license over the use of the word “Redskins” went viral,RadioInkchimed in by asked a leading broadcast attorney, one who strongly opposed the idea on principle, to assess the chance of success of such a move.  The expert reported:

"As long as WWXX license renewal application remains pending, however, it is vulnerable to an objection being filed against it.  Should an objection now be filed against it, the FCC would take up whatever allegations are made in such an objection in its consideration of the still-pending WWXX license renewal application… .an adverse filing against a license renewal application containing such allegations does have the potential to further delay FCC action on the application. It is worth observing that delay occurs almost anytime an adverse filing occurs against a broadcast station’s license renewal application. The FCC often gets objections against license renewal applications regarding a station’s programming or other content  -  objections that, under FCC precedent, should have no bearing upon a station’s license renewal application. Yet, the FCC will often take years to grant a license renewal application that has objections filed against it.

 … Banzhaf is reportedly fairly adroit at manipulating the FCC’s processes.”

Banzhaf has used FCC filings to get antismoking messages on radio and television, to help ban cigarette commercials, and to force DC-area TV stations to use blacks as on-air reporters for the first time. 

Read more athttp://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2014/09/03/dan-snyders-broadcast-license-challenged-over-redskins-faces-fcc-filing-156717

Historical Reflection - We are a “people with a past but not a people of the past” - Defiance into never ending sound of protest deemed today is getting louder where the urgent dialogue is creating a movement of#changethename #changethemascot #notyourmascot NFL

Was Redskins’ first coach a fraud?

Historian questions claims of first coach’s Native American heritage

Updated: September 2, 2014, 9:23 PM ET
By John Barr | ESPN.com

WASHINGTON — Washington owner Daniel Snyder continues to maintain that his NFL team was nicknamed the “Redskins” to honor its first head coach, William “Lone Star” Dietz, even though Dietz was jailed for falsifying his Native American identity to avoid the draft in World War I.

In his recent interview with ESPN’s “Outside the Lines,” Snyder repeatedly said that the polarizing nickname of his franchise would be far more acceptable if people simply appreciated its historical origins.

Snyder said he first learned of that history from his father, Gerry Snyder, a freelance writer who penned several books, along with pages of the Washington media guide relating to the early years of the franchise.

"He’d always say to me, and I use all the time, ‘The truth is on your side,’" Snyder said. He insisted that when the franchise was born in Boston in 1932, it was renamed "Redskins" in 1933 by then-owner George Preston Marshall to honor Dietz.

"Coach Dietz was Native American, he named the team with the then owner," Snyder told "Outside the Lines," adding: "The historical facts are the historical facts."

But those “facts” have been debated for years by historians and questioned by federal investigators.

Historian Linda Waggoner started researching Dietz before 2002, when she began writing a biography of Dietz’s wife, Angel De Cora, a Native American artist. Waggoner said she found that Dietz “was not who he told her [De Cora] he was.”

Dietz gained attention playing football from 1907 to 1912 at the Carlisle Indian Industrial School alongside Jim Thorpe and under legendary coach Glenn “Pop” Warner. He coached Washington State to an undefeated season and its only Rose Bowl victory on New Year’s Day 1916.

But, according to Waggoner, that entire time Dietz was living a lie — he’d assumed the identity,Waggoner said, of a missing Oglala Sioux Army veteran named James “One Star.

"He started the lie and then embellished it and continued to weave and deceive throughout his life, Waggoner said

Dietz was born in 1884 in Rice Lake, Wisconsin. An accomplished artist, he found a summer job after high school, working on a government Indian school art exhibit at the 1904 St. Louis World’s Fair. Around that time, Waggoner said, Dietz learned of a James “One Star,” who vanished after being dishonorably discharged.

Dietz began passing himself off as William “Lone Star,” the son of a half-blood Oglala Sioux woman named Julia “One Star,” a phony autobiography that he carried with him to Carlisle and beyond, Waggoner said.

In June 1919, Dietz stood trial in Spokane, Washington, as the government accused him of falsely registering as “a non-citizen Indian of the United States” to avoid being drafted for World War I. The trial of the state’s most celebrated football coach quickly became a public spectacle.

The agency that later became the FBI conducted a surprisingly thorough investigation of Dietz’s birth to provide evidence for prosecutors. Multiple witnesses in Dietz’s hometown, including two women who were present the day of Dietz’s birth, told investigators Dietz was not Native American at all, but rather the son of German immigrants. Several Rice Lake residents said it had become a running joke when word trickled back to the area that the boy they remembered as “Willie” Dietz was posing as the descendant of an Oglala Sioux warrior. One of the more telling moments in the courtroom drama came during the testimony of Sallie Eaglehorse, the sister of James “One Star,” the man whose identity Waggoner says Dietz stole. Eaglehorse revealed that Dietz had written her several letters, posing as her missing brother.

"I was really knocked over by the letters submitted as evidence that Dietz had written to her starting in 1912," Waggoner said. "They were so phony and full of verifiable lies, not to mention expressed in the kind of ‘Indian talk’ you’d hear on a bad Western."

The trial turned when the woman who raised Dietz testified that her biological child was stillborn and that, days later, her husband replaced the deceased infant with Dietz, who, she testified, was an Indian child. That testimony that didn’t square with witnesses who said they saw a healthy baby the day he was born.

The trial ended in a hung jury. When prosecutors quickly re-filed modified charges, Dietz, who no longer had the money to continue the legal battle, pleaded no contest to falsifying his Native American roots to avoid the draft. He spent a month in the county jail.

But the myth of “Lone Star” Dietz, if it was indeed a myth, has endured to this day.

Tom Benjey, a historian and writer, who lives near Carlisle, Pennsylvania, wrote a biography of Dietz that was published in 2006. Benjey is convinced Dietz believed he was one-quarter Sioux. “You have to go to motives,” Benjey said. Citing the intense prejudice Native Americans experienced at the time, Benjey said, it would have been far easier for Dietz to claim he was the son of German immigrants. “Dietz never stopped claiming that he was Native American,” Benjey said. “He was convinced. It’s likely he never knew for sure who his parents were.”

The controversy over Dietz’s origins kept his name alive and, according to Benjey, helped Dietz get inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 2012.

Despite evidence to the contrary, that’s the version of “Lone Star” Dietz Dan Snyder chooses to believe.

"Mr. Dietz and his family said that he was an American Indian and Dan Snyder has no definitive reason to believe otherwise," a spokesman for Snyder said when asked last week about the federal investigation of Dietz and the historical research of Waggoner. Waggoner, whose been doing Native American genealogy since the early 1980s, is at once fascinated that the story of "Lone Star" Dietz has endured and disturbed by the fact that James "One Star" has been replaced by a man she describes as a "phony."

In her series of articles about Dietz, published in 2004 in Indian Country Today, Waggoner wrote: “It’s not surprising that the Washington R*dskins are inspired by a misnomer, a fake and a fraud. What is surprising is that James One Star has been forgotten, and we have not seemed to notice.” [Note: Waggoner wrote R*dskins in her piece.]

John Barr is an investigative reporter for ESPN’s Enterprise Unit. Enterprise Unit Producer Arty Berko contributed to this report.

John Barr | email

Reporter ESPN Enterprise Unit